What’s new in Bioruby edge


Changes to Bio::Blast

Naohisa Goto has announced changes to the Bio::Blast.reports to support default -m 0 and tabular -m 8
formats in addition to XML (-m 7) form. I think this is really nice and convenient!

Previously it meant that for bioruby to parse a Blast file, you had to have your blast results in XML output which Bio::Blast::Reports would understand. However, by default Blast gives an  -m0 output and without that prior knowledge you may spend hours wondering what is wrong when parsing default blast output files. With Bioruby 1.2.1 this will not work

require 'rubygems'
require 'bio'

report_file = "/home/george/esther_blast_files/blast_output2.txt"
Bio::Blast.reports(report_file) do |report|
  puts report.class
end

Unless blast_output2.txt is in XML format

In the upcoming Bioruby 1.3 the default Blast file can now be parsed, for example,

require 'rubygems'
require 'bio'
report_file = "/home/george/esther_blast_files/blast_output2.txt"
Bio::FlatFile.open(Bio::Blast::Default::Report,report_file) do |ff|
ff.each do |rep|
   puts rep.statistics
   rep.iterations.each do |itr|
      puts itr.hits.size

    itr.hits.each_with_index do |hit,i|
      puts hit.hit_id
      puts hit.len
     end
   end
 end
end

Bio::Blast.remote now supports DDBJ in addition to Genomenet. It would be a nice idea to support NCBI as well.

Changes to Bio:sequence

It is possible to create  sequence objects from Bio::GenBank, Bio::EMBL, and Bio::FastaFormat by using the to_biosequence method

gb = Bio::GenBank.new(genbank_file.gb)
gb.to_biosequence

Bio::SQL Support

Thanks to Raoul and Naohisa, support for BioSQL has been rewritten by using  ActiveRecord.

#Make a connection

connection = Bio::SQL.establish_connection(path_to_database.yaml,'development')
#list databases

databases =Bio::SQL.list_databases

#retrieve a sequence
sample_seq = Bio::SQL.fetch_accession('some_accession_number')

#get number of seqeunces in the database
puts Bio::SQL.list_entries

#get references associated with an entry
puts sample_seq.references

#create an embl format
puts sample_seq.to_biosequence.output(:embl)

Changes to Bio::GFF2 and Bio::GFF3

GFF2/GFF3 formatted texts are now supported but there will be backward portability issues with bio 1.2.1 since some incompatible changes have been incorporated.  Bio::GFF::Record.comments has been renamed to comment and comments= is now comment=

Both Bio::GFF::GFF2::Record.new and Bio::GFF::GFF3::Records.new, can now take 9 arguments that correspond to GFF columns making it easy to create a Record object directly without need for  formatted text.

Both Bio::GFF::GFF2::Record#attributes and Bio::GFF::GFF3::Record#attributes have been changed to return a nested array containing tag, value pairs, to obtain a  hash, use the to_hash method

To support data output for GFF2/GFF3, new methods have been added:  Bio::GFF::GFF2#to_s, Bio::GFF::GFF3#to_s, Bio::GFF::GFF2::Record#to_s,and Bio::GFF::GFF3::Record#to_s

Lots of other changes have been incorporated for the GFF classes and you can view the change log at github

CodeML parser

A wrapper for PAML codeml program that is used for estimating evolutinary rate has been added.  The class provides methods  for generating the necessary configuration file. The new Bio::PAML::Codeml::Report and PAML::Codeml::Rates  provides simpel classes  for accessing the codeml report and rates file.  This example is from the example given in the source code

require 'bio'
# Reads multi-fasta formatted file and gets a Bio::Alignment object.
     alignment = Bio::FlatFile.open(Bio::Alignment::MultiFastaFormat, 'example.fst').alignment
     # Reads newick tree from a file
     tree = Bio::FlatFile.open(Bio::Newick, 'example.tree').tree
  # Creates a Codeml object
  codeml = Bio::PAML::Codeml.new
     # Sets parameters
     codeml.parameters[:runmode] = 0
     codeml.parameters[:RateAncestor] = 1
     # You can also set many parameters at a time.
   codeml.parameters.update({ :alpha => 0.5, :fix_alpha => 0 })
     # Executes codeml with the alignment and the tree
     report = codeml.query(alignment, tree)

Lots of Bugs  have been fixed and also support for Ruby 1.9 has been added. Its great thanks to the bioruby developers for their time and the excellent new changes!



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